NASHVILLE, Tenn. – A majority of Protestant churchgoers believe making sacrificial decisions to serve Christ is essential to their faith, and most try to avoid situations that might lead to immoral thoughts or actions, according to a new study released Thursday, Aug. 8.
The 2019 Discipleship Pathway Assessment study from LifeWay Research found two-thirds (66 percent) of Protestant churchgoers agree with the statement: “A Christian must learn to deny himself or herself to serve Christ,” with 38 percent strongly agreeing. The survey was conducted Jan. 14–29.
Only 6 percent strongly disagree denying self is essential to serving Christ, while 10 percent somewhat disagree and 18 percent neither agree nor disagree.
The study identifies obeying God and denying self as one of eight signposts that consistently show up in the lives of growing Christians.
Researchers found significant statistical differences when it comes to ethnicity, religious tradition, geography and education.
Among Protestant churchgoers, Hispanics are the most likely ethnic group to strongly agree (53 percent) Christians must deny self to serve Christ.
Evangelical Protestants (44 percent) and black Protestants (40 percent) are more likely to strongly agree than mainline Protestants (18 percent).
Protestant churchgoers in the South (40 percent) are more likely to strongly agree than those in the Midwest (34 percent). Those with a high school diploma or less (40 percent) or with some college education (40 percent) are more likely to strongly agree than those with a graduate degree (34 percent).
“Choosing God’s agenda over our own is not natural,” said Scott McConnell, executive director of LifeWay Research. “Many churchgoers understand this tradeoff and are willing to say they should deny their own desires to serve God. But most churchgoers also acknowledge they are not completely letting go.”
Researchers also asked Protestant churchgoers if they try to avoid situations in which they might be tempted to think or do immoral things.
Nearly 8 in 10 (77 percent) Protestant churchgoers agree they try to avoid these situations, with 41 percent strongly agreeing. Another 6 percent somewhat disagree, while 3 percent strongly disagree, and 15 percent neither agree nor disagree.
Female churchgoers are more likely to strongly agree they avoid tempting situations than males (43 percent vs. 38 percent).
Protestant churchgoers in the South (44 percent) are more likely to strongly agree than those in the Northeast (37 percent) and Midwest (36 percent).
Evangelical Protestants (44 percent) and black Protestants (39 percent) are more likely to strongly agree than mainline Protestants (30 percent) they avoid situations that might tempt them to think or do immoral things.
Those who attend a worship service four times a month or more are more likely to strongly agree than those who attend less than four times a month (42 percent vs. 38 percent).
“Walking with Christ involves our beliefs, desires and actions,” McConnell said. “When it comes to obedience, our desires are reflected in how much we want to obey and are trying to avoid things that may lead us astray. The majority of churchgoers admit they could be trying harder to avoid temptation.”
Two-thirds (66 percent) of Protestant churchgoers say they live as if they exist to praise and glorify God. A third strongly agrees, with another third somewhat agreeing.
Around 1 in 4 (24 percent) neither agrees nor disagrees, while 10 percent disagree they live as if they exist to praise and glorify God.
Hispanics (50 percent) and African Americans (43 percent) are more likely to strongly agree than whites (27 percent) and other ethnicities (28 percent).
Black Protestants (43 percent) and evangelical Protestants (35 percent) are more likely to strongly agree than mainline Protestants (20 percent). And those with a high school diploma or less are more likely to strongly agree (38 percent) they live as if they exist to praise and glorify God than those with more education.
“Being a disciple of Christ is more than a label. It is living out one’s purpose. That purpose is not one we design for ourselves, but one God created for us,” McConnell said. “Obeying God brings glory to God.”
Obeying God and denying self is one of eight signposts measured in the Discipleship Pathway Assessment, which measures an individual’s spiritual growth and is addressed in LifeWay’s Bible Studies for Life curriculum. For more information, visit DiscipleshipPathwayAssessment.com.
The online survey of 2,500 Protestant churchgoers was conducted Jan. 14–29. Respondents were screened to include those who identified as Protestant or non-denominational and attend religious services at least once a month. Quotas and slight weights were used to balance gender, age, region, ethnicity, income and denominational affiliation. The completed sample is 2,500 surveys. The sample provides 95 percent confidence that the sampling error from the panel does not exceed plus or minus 2.0 percent. Margins of error are higher in subgroups.
For more information on this study, visit LifeWayResearch.com or view the complete report.
LifeWay Research is a Nashville-based evangelical research firm that specializes in surveys about faith in culture and matters that affect churches.